The three Doshas are the primary energies that direct the response of every human being to internal and external stimuli. The three Doshas interact with our bodies through the environment, food, thoughts, and experiences.
All three Doshas are present in every individual at all points, however, their ratio and dominance are different. Every individual has a unique combination of one, two, or all three Doshas, known as the Prakruti. An individual’s Prakruti or innate nature reflects their status and response in any situation, weather, or condition.
The three Doshas respectively guide different stages of our lifecycle. The Dosha also leads to different phases of a day’s cycle and of seasonal cycles. Hence, one should avoid respective Dosha aggravating factors to maintain the best physical and mental states.
The three Doshas – Age cycle
Birth to Adulthood
In Ayurveda, it is believed that Kapha Dosha guides development from birth to adulthood (0-25 years). As Kapha Dosha manifests itself as the potential form of physical energy, it helps us store energy and experiences, nurture the body, and grow.
In our early years, our learning is steep as nervine connections form at an exponential rate. As Kapha Dosha is fairly prominent, children are susceptible to excessive mucus related health issues such as cold, cough, pneumonia, and various allergies that fade away as time passes by. Plenty of sleep is required to assimilate food, learning, and re-energize.
During adulthood (25-50 years), Pitta Dosha guides the functioning of our body and mind. Pitta Dosha is the physical energy of transformation and maintains a balance between the energies of motion (Vata) and potential (Kapha) in our body.
During adulthood, an individual is believed to be of the age of “Karma” or working age. It explains the traits of high desire, motivation, enthusiasm, fire, and tendency to react strongly in the youth.
As high levels of Pitta can lead to digestion related health problems, it is fairly common for the youth to suffer from digestion-related ailments such as hyperacidity, ulcers, hemorrhoids, and hypertension.
Good proportion and timely meal intake, as well as a planned schedule, would highly benefit people to utilise their energy on hand and stay healthy.
Late adulthood to old age
From 50 + years, the human body observes the transition from Pitta Dosha to Vata Dosha. Specifically from 50-75 years, one could suffer from both Vata and Pitta imbalance and from 75 years onwards singularly Vata predominance is observed.
As Vata Dosha is the prime physical energy of movement, it guides the process of releasing energy in the body. With a predominant Vata Dosha, the elderly are more prone to imbalances such as insomnia, sensitivity to cold and dry temperatures, pains, less stable memory, and weak digestion systems. Hence, a defined daily schedule within peaceful settings is recommended to calm excess Vata.
The Three Doshas – Seasons and Day cycle
Kapha Dosha predominates during winter and early spring as well as during mornings 6 AM – 10 AM and evenings 6 PM to 10 PM in a day.
Pitta Dosha predominates during late spring and summer seasons as well as during transition times of a day, 10 AM to 2 PM and from 10 PM to 2 AM.
Autumn to Winter timings defines the seasonal cycle, as well as 2 AM to 6 AM and 2 PM to 6 PM define the daily cycle of Vata predominance.